For years consumers have struggled to fit the large round fruit in their refrigerators.
And then there was the problem of trying to cut the fruit when it kept rolling around.
But, 20 years ago a forward-thinking farmer on Japan's south-western island of Shikoku solved the problem.
The farmer, from Zentsuji, in Kagawa prefecture, came up with the idea of making a cube-shaped watermelon which could easily be packed and stored.
To make it happen, farmers grew the melons in glass boxes and the fruit then naturally assumed the same shape.
Today, the cuboid watermelons are hand-picked and shipped all over Japan.
But the fruit, on sale in a selection of department stores and up-market supermarkets, appeals mainly to the wealthy and fashion-conscious of Tokyo and Osaka, Japan's two major cities.
Each melon sells for 10,000 yen, equivalent to about $83.
It is almost double, or even triple than of a normal watermelon.
The pomegranate is native from Iran to the Himalayas in northern India and was cultivated and naturalized over the whole Mediterranean region since ancient times.
The LA Times recently labelled pomegranate as ‘one of the most trendiest and versatile fruit on the market', and it could be good for you (another fruit sold for its ‘medical values'). Packed with antioxidants, pomegranate juice is now on the red carpet, and even the stars at the Oscars drink the dark red liquid.
A pitaya is the fruit of several cactus species, most importantly of the genus Hylocereus (sweet pitayas).
These fruit are commonly known as dragon fruit.
The fruit can weigh from 150 to 600 grams.
To prepare a pitaya for consumption, the fruit is cut open to expose the flesh.
The fruit's texture is sometimes likened to that of the kiwifruit due to the presence of black crunchy seeds.
The flesh, which is eaten raw, is mildly sweet and low in calories; dragon fruit should not be used to accompany strong-tasting food – except to "clean the palate" between dishes. The seeds are eaten together with the flesh, but they are indigestible unless chewed.
The fruit is also converted into juice or wine, or used to flavour other beverages.
The flowers can be eaten or steeped as tea.
The horned melon (Cucumis metuliferus) , also called African horned cucumber or kiwano, is an annual vine in the cucumber and melon family
Often known by its nickname in the southeast of the United States - blowfish fruit - it is grown for its fruit, which looks like an oval melon with horn-like spines.
The fruit of this plant is edible, but it is used as often for decoration as for food.
When ripe, it has a yellow-orange skin and a lime green jelly-like flesh.
The horned melon is native to Africa, and it is now grown in California, Chile, Australia and New Zealand as well.
The star fruit or carambola is a tropical fruit that is gaining popularity in the United States. This fruit acquired its name from the five pointed star shape when cut across the middle of the fruit. It has a waxy, golden yellow to green color skin with a complicated flavour combination that includes plums, pineapples, and lemons.
This is the strangest looking fruit ever.
Rambutan in Malay, Indonesian, and Filipino literally means hairy, caused by the 'hair' that covers this fruit.
On the outside it's magenta with green hairy legs all over it.
From the outside you'd have no idea what to expect on the inside.
Inside it's similar to a lychee fruit. It looks sort of clear and gummy.
It's very watery and has a huge seed in the centre.
It tastes pretty decent, but it's the look of the rambutan that puts it in the top
Ackee is Jamaica's national fruit.
The fruit was imported to Jamaica from West Africa (probably on a slave ship) before 1778.
Since then, it has become a major feature of various Caribbean cuisine, and is also cultivated in tropical and subtropical areas elsewhere around the world.
The fruit of the ackee is not edible in its entirety.
Only the inner, fleshy yellow arils are consumed.
It is extremely poisonous in the very centre if you eat the red bits.
Called ‘mangkut', these are the ‘queen of Thai fruits' with their elegant, segmented white–flesh inside a thick large purple peel.
They grow in the South and the season lasts just a few months of the year, mainly from May to September.
If you are here in Thailand at that time be sure to enjoy this delicious and luxurious sweet fruit.
Ever heard of a Fingered Citron?
How about a Buddha's Hand?
It's a weird -looking citrus that has green or rich yellow tapering fingers or segments attached to a base – the appearance is not unlike a curled, arthritic hand, only there are usually many more than 5 fingers!
But what on earth do you do with a Buddha's Hand?
Do you eat it?
Well, yes, and no. Its thick, lemony rind and pith (the white part) is often candied into a delicious citrus delicacy, infused with spirits or made into liqueurs.
However, the small amount of inside flesh is quite sour and rarely used in food.
The Buddha's Hand and other members of the Citron family are also prized for their aromatic citrus oils and used in perfumes and sometimes kept in homes as a natural air deodorizer.
You can count on finding the Urucu plant (Bixa orellana) around every rural household in the Amazon.
Achiote (Bixa orellana) is a shrub or small tree from the tropical region of the Americas.
It is cultivated there and in Southeast Asia, where it was introduced by the Spanish in the 17th century.
It is best known as the source of the natural pigment annatto, produced from the fruit.
What is your salary per Minute......
Shah Rukh Khan:
What: Actor How much: Rs 247 per minute
The King Khan, who started off modestly as a 'Fauji', made about Rs 13 crore last year. This included his endorsement deals for Pepsi, Hyundai Santro - and of course, wetting himself in a bathtub, surrounded by women for HLL's Lux. How much per minute?
Brij Mohan Lall Munjal:
What: Chief of Hero Group
How much: Rs 255 per minute
The patriarch of the Hero Group received the Life-time achievement award for 'Excellence in Corporate Governance' by the Institute of CompanySecretary of India this year. Brij Mohan Lall Munjal earned about Rs 13.4 crore last year. He continues to be the world's largest motorcycle manufacturer and fuels his bank balance with Rs 255 per minute.
How much: Rs 1,163 per minute
India's most loved sportsman makes a lot more than most CEOs of Indiancompanies; going by his annual remuneration for 2004-2005. Breaking itdown, his three-year contract for endorsements is worth Rs 180 crores. He is also paid Rs 2,35,000 for a five-day test match and Rs 2,50,000 for one dayers.
A little bit of elementary math: This highest paid cricketer in the worldmakes around Rs 61.15 crore a year, or Rs 1,163 per minute
What: CMD of Reliance Industries Ltd
How much: Rs 413 per minute
Head honcho of the $16.5 billion Reliance Industries Limited, Mukesh Ambani was ranked the world's 56th richest man in Forbe's list. But since this is only about salaries (and the like), we'll completely ignore his other earnings. Last year, Mr Amb a in earned Rs 21.72 crore; a neat growth of 87 per cent over his previous year's earnings. He makes not less than Rs 413
How much: Rs 361 per minute
Kaun Banega Crorepati? Apparently, Mr Bachchan! With more endorsements and film releases per year than successful actors half his age, Bachchan's take-home last year was around Rs 19 crore - that's Rs 361 per minute.
What: New Pepsi Chief How much: Rs 2,911 per minute (from October 11)
Chennai-born 50-year-old Indra Nooyi was the Chief Financial Officer (CFO)of PepsiCo, the US-based soft drink major. In that capacity, her remuneration stood at $5 million (over Rs 23 crore). With her promotion this year, Nooyi becomes one of the highest paid CEOs in the world, with an announced remuneration of $33 million (approximately Rs 153 crores). This
Means Nooyi makes a whopping Rs 2,911 per minute.
.....WORLD RECORD MAKERS.....
A few months ago, the world's shortest man, He Pingping, age 21, died after developing chest pains while filming a television show in Italy. Pingping suffered from primordial dwarfism, a condition which kept him from ever growing taller than 73 cm (2 feet 5 inches) tall. Pingping was recognized by the Guinness World Records organization, who also held a "World Records Day" last November, encouraging people all over the world to set their own records. Collected here are a group of superlatives, recent photos of world records and record attempts around the world.
He Pingping of China smiles as Sultan Kosen of Turkey rests his hands on He's shoulders during a promotional event in Istanbul, Turkey on January 14, 2010. He, with a height of 73 cm (2 feet 5 inch), and Kosen, with a height of 246.5 cm (8 feet 1 inch), have been listed in the Guinness World Records as the
He Pingping, 73 cm tall (2 feet 5 inch), of China looks up at Sultan Kosen, 246.5 cm tall (8 feet 1 inch), of Turkey in Istanbul on January 14, 2010.world's shortest man and tallest man respectively.
He Pingping, 73 cm tall (2 feet 5 inch), of China looks up at Sultan Kosen, 246.5 cm tall (8 feet 1 inch), of Turkey in Istanbul on January 14, 2010.
Joel Waul, 27, stands on top of his rubber band ball on the driveway of his home in Lauderhill, Fla., Friday, Oct. 23, 2009. Waul, a 27-year-old who works nights restocking a Gap clothing store, has spent the last six years carefully wrapping and linking and stretching rubber bands of various sizes into the ball shape. The Guinness Book of World Records declared it the world's largest rubber band ball in 2008.
In this photo taken Aug. 21, 2009, Diana Taylor walks with her Great Dane, Titan, along Ocean Beach in San Diego. During a ceremony Thursday Nov. 12, 2009, the Guinness Book of World Records officially proclaimed that 4-year-old Titan from San Diego is the world's tallest dog. Owner Diana Taylor says Titan is blind, deaf, epileptic and undergoes acupuncture and chiropractic adjustments every three weeks. Taylor says Titan stands 42.25 inches from floor to shoulder, weighs 190 pounds.
Bakers link pieces of gingerbread in order to break a world record on December 18, 2009 in Ludwigsburg, southern Germany. A total of 1,700 kg of honey, 1,700 kg of flour, 1,000 kg of walnuts, 900 kg of hazelnuts, 550 liters of milk and 158 liters of cherry schnapps were used to make the one kilometer-long and seven-ton-heavy gingerbread.
A base jumper leaps backwards off the Menara Kuala Lumpur Tower, Malaysia, Wednesday, Oct. 28, 2009. A group of base jumpers were attempting to set a Guinness World Record striving to have 24 people base jump every hour for 24 hours from the the 915 feet high communication tower
Physical challenged people participate in purportedly the world's largest finger painting, a 100 feet by 140 feet canvas, to mark International Day of Persons with Disabilities in Ahmadabad, India, Thursday, Dec. 3, 2009. More than 200 physically challenged people participated in the event for a bid to enter the Guinness Book of World Records.
Dog training is the process of teaching a dog to perform certain actions in response to certain commands which the dog is trained to understand. It is a general term which does not, by itself, describe what or how the dog is taught. There are many methods of dog training and many objectives, from basic obedience training to specialized areas including law enforcement, military, search and rescue, hunting, working with livestock, assistance to people with disabilities, entertainment, dog sports and protecting people or property. As pack animals, wild dogs have natural instincts that favor cooperation with their fellow dogs. Many domestic dogs, either through instinct or breeding, can correctly interpret and respond to signals given by a human handler.
Most dogs, no matter their eventual advanced training or intended purpose, live with people who want them to behave in ways that make them pleasant to be around, keep them safe, and provides for the safety of other people and pets. Dogs do not figure out basic obedience on their own; they must be trained.
The hardest part of training is communicating with the dog in a humane way that the dog understands. However, the underlying principle of all communication is simple: reward desired behavior while correcting undesired behavior.
Basic pet obedience training usually consists of six behaviors:
Recall (”come”, “here” or “in”)
Close (or loose-leash walking)
“Corrections” should never include harmful physical force or violence. Using force while training is controversial and should not be taken lightly, because even if it ends the behavior, when applied inappropriately with some dogs it may lead to a loss of drive (enthusiasm for the given task), stress, and in some cases even aggression. A handler may decide to use force, however the standard used by most trainers is the minimum amount necessary to inhibit the unwanted behavior.
Communication:Fundamentally, dog training is about communication. From the human perspective, the handler is communicating to the dog what behaviors are correct, desired, or preferred in what circumstances and what behaviors are undesirable.
A handler must understand communication from the dog. The dog can signal that he is unsure, confused, nervous, happy, excited, and so on. The emotional state of the dog is an important consideration in directing the training, as a dog that is stressed or distracted will not learn efficiently.
According to Learning Theory there are four important messages that the handler can send the dog:
Reward or release marker
Correct behavior. You have earned a reward.
Keep going signal
Correct behavior. Continue and you will earn a reward.
No reward marker
Incorrect behavior. Try something else.
Incorrect behavior. You have earned punishment.
Using consistent signals or words for these messages enables the dog to understand them more quickly.
It is important to note that the dog’s reward is not the same as the reward marker. The reward marker is a signal that tells the dog that he has earned the reward. Rewards can be praise, treats, play, or anything that the dog finds rewarding. Failure to reward after the reward marker diminishes the value of the reward marker and makes training more difficult.
These messages may be communicated verbally or with nonverbal signals. Mechanical clickers are frequently used as a reward marker. Hand signals and body language also play an important part in learning for dogs. The meanings of the four signals are taught to the dog through repetition, so that he may form an association by classical conditioning so that the dog associates the punishment marker with the punishment itself. Some sources contend that the most effective marker is the human voice. (Canine Dimensions, 2008, 32)
Dogs do not generalize commands easily. A command which may work indoors
might be confusing out-of-doors or in a different situation. The command will need to be re-taught in each new situation. This is sometimes called “cross-contextualization,” meaning the dog has to apply what’s been learned to many different contexts.
Reward and punishment
Most training revolves around establishing consequences for the dog’s behavior. Operant conditioning defines these following four types of consequences.
Positive reinforcement adds something to the situation to increase the chance of the behavior being exhibited again.
Negative reinforcement removes something from the situation to increase the chance of the behavior being exhibited again.
Positive punishment adds something to the situation to decrease the chance of the behavior being exhibited again.
Negative punishment removes something from the situation to decrease the chance of the behavior being exhibited again.
Most trainers claim that they use “positive training methods “. Generally, this means using reward-based training to increase good behavior rather than physical punishment to decrease bad behavior. Positive reinforces can be anything that the dog finds rewarding – special food treats, the chance to play with a tug toy, social interaction with other dogs, or the owner’s attention. The more rewarding a dog finds a particular reinforce, the more work he will be prepared to do in order to obtain the reinforce. Just being happy about a dog’s accomplishment is a reward to them. Some trainers go through a process of teaching a puppy to strongly desire a particular toy, in order to make the toy a more powerful positive reinforce for good behavior. This process is called “building prey drive”, and is commonly used in the training of Narcotics Detection and Police Service dogs.
The goal is to produce a dog who will work independently for long periods of time, in the hopes of earning access to its special toy reward. Traditional forms of punishment is least used by modern dog trainers. A dog is generally only given this type of punishment if it is willfully disobeying the owner and owner needs to guard the dog’s safety in a serious situation. Punishment is effectively paired with teaching the dog desired behaviors, but is not a single solution, as it will make the dog fearful or unwilling to cooperate if it is not taught desired behaviors. Punishments should only be administered as appropriate for the dog’s personality, age, experience and physical and emotional condition. Some dogs may show signs of fear or anxiety with harsh verbal corrections. Other dogs may ignore a verbal reprimand. Some dogs develop an aversion or fear of water, when water is sprayed at them as an aversive.
Thapa Magar (Thapa Magar) is the tiny teenager in the world, he was 18. It weighs about 4.5 kg and his height is just merely 22 inches (56 cm). His favorite present was a toy drum, donated by his father, Rapom Bahadur. When the boy to the beat of the drum shake a leg traditional Nepali dance could see his genuine joy.
Mr Magar, from the mountain town of Pokhara, was presented with a certificate at his 18th birthday party by Guinness World Records officials.
The ceremony was attended by local and international dignitaries.
At 67.08cm (2ft 2.41in), he is more than 3cm smaller than the previous title holder, Colombian Edward Hernandez.
"After I'm 18, I'd like to get married. I want to get married within two years," Mr Magar told the BBC's Joanna Jolly in Kathmandu.
I'd like a big red car to drive around."
During the ceremony, Khagendra - who weighs 5.5kg (12lb) - joked with guests and raised his hands in joy when he was presented with a cake twice his size.
On being declared the shortest living man, he said: "I don't consider myself to be a small man. I'm a big man. I hope that having this title enables me to prove it and get a proper house for me and my family."
Our correspondent says that the international recognition he will gain for being a world record holder has already brought financial benefits to his family, who are originally from a poor farming village in the hills outside Pokhara.
In the coming months, Mr Magar - who enjoys watching karate on television and dancing to traditional music - will take up a new role as an ambassador for Nepal's tourist board.
City’s future in Canada! The future has already occurred. Modern life with all the advantages in various areas of life, brings worries and troubles. One of them is living space in mega cities. Many mega-cities already have huge problems with the upcoming large number of people from rural and rural areas are coming in search of a better life. How can the problem of choice is one of the fundamental issues in the functioning of mega cities. Huge money is invested in temporary and not always the best solution, because a short lifetime. We need something new, something originally, permanently.There are many solutions that exist but only on paper. Here is a real and built and it is a village in the testing phase of life in it. It is very elegant and artistic properly resolved with the quality provided and compiled from persisting and resistant materials. It is Montreal, Canada. Design of the settlement not only solves the problem with space but also gives the soul and way too much gray and identical buildings, not only because of its shape but also because of the possibility of a combination of colors on each side of this unusual settlement is unique in the world.