how to get a good citizen

Movement of population away from the home region, either from one country to another (international migration) or from one part of a country to another (internal migration). Migrations may be temporary (for example, holidaymakers), seasonal (transhumance), or permanent (people moving to cities to find employment).. People leave areas due to push factors (negative factors such as overcrowding and lack of employment) and are drawn to areas by pull factors (such as better housing, better jobs, and improved facilities).
Push factors are negative aspects of the sending country, while pull factors are positive aspects of the receiving country. In fact, these differentiating factors are really two sides of the same coin. In moving migrants must not only see a lack of benefits at home (push factors) but also a surplus of benefits abroad (pull factors), otherwise the move would not be worthwhile.
Lack of Jobs/Poverty: Economics provides the main reason behind migration. In fact, according to the International Labour Organization, about half of the total population of current migrants, 100 million women and men migrant workers, have left home to find better job and lifestyle opportunities for their families.1
In some countries jobs simply do not exist for a great deal of the population. In others, the gap between the rewards of labor in the sending and receiving country are great enough so as to warrant a move. India has recently experienced a surge in emigration due to a combination of these factors.
Civil Strife/War/Political and Religious Persecution: Some migrants are impelled to cross national borders by war or persecution at home. Some of these migrants end up in receiving countries as refugees or asylum seekers. The1951 Geneva Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees defined the qualifications for such migrants and bound signatory countries not to return these newcomers to places where they could be persecuted.
Other push factors include “primitive” conditions, natural disasters, poor medical care, as well as slavery and political fear.
Whereas push factors usually drive migrants out of their countries of origin, pull factors generally decide where these travelers end up. The positive aspects of some receiving countries serve to attract more migrants than others. Following are three examples of the pull factors attracting migrants to receiving countries.
Higher standards of living/Higher wages: Economics provide the both biggest push and pull factor for potential migrants. People moving to more developed countries will often find that the same work they were doing at home is rewarded abroad with higher wages. They will also find a greater safety net of welfare benefits should they be unable to work. Aware of this situation, migrants are drawn to those countries where they can maximize benefits.
Labor Demand: Almost all developed countries have found that they need migrants' labor. Rich economies create millions of jobs that domestic workers refuse to fill but migrant workers will cross borders to take
Economic Effects of Migration
The economic effects of migration vary widely. Sending countries may experience both gains and losses in the short term but may stand to gain over the longer term.
For sending countries, the short-term economic benefit of emigration is found in remittances. According to the World Bank, remittances worldwide were estimated at $397 billion in 2008, of which $305 billion went to developing countries.
Meanwhile, for developed countries, the positive gains from immigration are a result of the infusion of cheap and eager labor into the economy.
At the same time, developing countries can suffer from "brain drain"—the loss of trained and educated individuals to emigration, an example of the possible negative effects of emigration for developing countries
Social effects of migration
Migration has both positive and negative effects on the home region (source). It can lower the birth rate or increase the average age of the population, ease unemployment or cause a shortage of workers, cause an influx of new skills that are brought back or a loss of the more skilled and highly educated. At the destination, migration can introduce new foods and cultures or cause racial tensions, solve labour shortages or increase the stress on social services.

Posted by siwlass on 06:51. Filed under . You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0

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